What is proprioception
Proprioception is the body’s ability to transmit a sense of position, analyze that information and react (consciously or unconsciously) to the stimulation with the proper movement . Put simply, it is the ability to know where a body part is without having to look. Proprioception allows you to scratch your head without looking in the mirror or walk up a flight of stairs without having to peer at each stair.
Taken as a whole, proprioception includes balance, coordination and agility because the body’s proprioceptors control all these factors. Proprioceptors consist of both sensory and motor nerves that send and receive impulses to and from the central nervous system from stimuli within the skin, muscles, joints and tendons (Houglum 2001). These impulses transmit vital information, such as the amount of tension in a given muscle and the relative position of a body part during a given movement.
Your proprioception capabilities can be impaired when joints are injured, such as with neck sprains. Every injury has the potential to decrease your proprioception and subsequently your balance.The most common symptom of reduced proprioception is poor balance. Poor postural stability has been found in patients with chronic neck or back pain. Every injury has the ability to decrease propprioception and balance.. Good posture could be thought of as perfect spinal balance!
How do you improve proprioception?
Proprioceptive exercises are designed to improve the proprioceptive feedback loop.in simple terms, your brain sends electrical contract or relax messages to your muscles. Your joint movement response is detected by your sensory nervous system and reported back to your brain for fine tuning and improvement with repetition of the process.